Native Plants

In order to identify regionally appropriate native species, specialized references should be consulted. While there are many sources of information available on native plants in the United States, regional treatments provide the most accurate information about species presence in each part of the country. The most reliable, recent references for New England include Flora Novae Angliae (Haines, 2011) and the Go Botany website maintained by the New England Wild Flower Society. This searchable database of plant species contains information on New England and North American distribution, nomenclature, habitat, characteristics, wetland and conservation status, and identification information. These related references are based on accurate botanical records, primarily herbarium specimens (dried, pressed and identified plants from a specified location), of species presence. The “Go Botany” website contains range maps for each species in the region at the county level.

Native Plant Podcasts​

Native Plant Network

Our goal is to provide technical and practical information on the growing and planting of North American (Canada, US, and Mexico) native plants for restoration, conservation, reforestation, landscaping, roadsides, and so on.

Native Plants Journal

Native Plants Journal was first published in 2000 as a cooperative effort of the USDA Forest Service and the University of Idaho. The impetus was a perceived need for a journal dedicated to the practical aspects of growing and planting North American (Canada, Mexico, and US and US insular areas) native plants. The primary goal was to publish in a format that included both refereed research and general technical articles to encourage "cross pollination" between researchers and field workers. 

Other useful references:

New England:

Angelo, R. and D. Boufford. Atlas of the New England Flora. 2014, revised in 2015 


Connecticut's Endangered, Threatened, and Special Concern Species List 2015​

Dreyer, G., C. Jones, R. Capers, P. Sweeney, N. Barrett, P. Sharp, C. Ultee, L. Brown, S. Saulys, E. Corrigan. 2014. Native and Naturalized Vascular Plants of Connecticut Checklist. Memoirs of the Connecticut Botanical Society, No. 5


Maine Rare Plant List and Rare Plant Fact Sheets


Massachusetts List of Endangered, Threatened and Special Concern Species

Cullina, M. D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie and P. Somers. 2011. The Vascular Plants of Massachusetts: A County Checklist. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program. Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife

Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program

New Hampshire:

Rare Plant List for New Hampshire

Rhode Island: 

Rare Native Plants of Rhode Island  

Rhode Island Native Plant Guide

The RI Native Plant Guide was developed by the University of Rhode Island (URI) Outreach Center and the Rhode Island Natural History Survey (RINHS) with funding from a Northeast Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education grant. The guide is intended to serve as a reference for individuals involved in:

  • Native plant propagation and cultivation;
  • Planning, design, and management of habitat restoration projects; and
  • Landscape design and management of commercial and residential landscapes.

The plants featured in this guide were selected from 1,300 species of plants native to Rhode Island listed in the Vascular Flora of Rhode Island, a publication of the RINHS. Plants listedas ‘native’ in the Vascular Flora were designated as such based on documentation in scientific literature published prior to 1997, and on herbarium records and field data for plants believed to have been here prior to European movement to the area, which began in the 15th century.


Rare and Uncommon Native Vascular Plants of Vermont

Gilman, A. V.  2015.  New Flora of Vermont. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden. Volume 110. NYBG Press



For New England:

Campanelli, J., D. Smith and J. Kuzovkina. 2016. "New England Native Forbs of Short to Medium Stature". 5 pp.  PDF

Campanelli, J., D. Smith and J. Kuzovkina. 2016.  "New England Native Grasses of Short to Medium Stature". 3 pp. PDF

For Connecticut:

Butterfly Nectar Sources: Nectar-Rich Connecticut Native Plants​ - CT NRCS

Native and Non-Native Caterpillar Host Plants for Showy Butterfly Species - CT NRCS

Site Requirements of Some Butterfly Nectar Plants Native to Connecticut​

Some Pollinator Plants for Connecticut