Plight of the Pollinators: What Can We Do About Their Decline?

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The Xerces Society

The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation is an international nonprofit organization that protects wildlife through the conservation of invertebrates and their habitats. Xerces takes its name from the now extinct Xerces Blue butterfly (Glaucopsyche xerces), the first butterfly known to go extinct in North America as a result of human activities.

Pollinator Fact Sheets for Connecticut

Butterfly Nectar Sources: Nectar-Rich Connecticut Native Plants​ - CT NRCS

Native and Non-Native Caterpillar Host Plants for Showy Butterfly Species - CT NRCS

Site Requirements of Some Butterfly Nectar Plants Native to Connecticut​

Some Pollinator Plants for Connecticut

Planting native species for pollinators

Black, S., Hodges, N., Vaughan, M., & Shepherd, M. (2008). The Xerces Society » Pollinators in Natural Areas: A Primer on Habitat Management. 

Brandt, J., Henderson, K., & Uthe, J. (2015). Integrated Roadside Vegetation Management Technical Manual: Iowa's Roadside Resource (M. Urice, Ed.). USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service / Iowa DOT’s Living Roadway Trust Fund.

Conservation Cover (327) for Pollinators: New England Installation Guide and Job Sheet (2012).

Guidance for Federal Agencies on Sustainable Practices for Designed Landscapes and Supporting Pollinators on Federal Landscapes. (2011, October 31). 

Hopwood, E., Hoffman Black, S., & Fleury, S. (2016, January). Pollinators and Roadsides: Best Management Practices for Managers and Decision Makers (D.Remley, Ed.).


Mader, E., Vaughan, M., & Shepherd, M. (2011). Attracting native pollinators: Protecting North America's bees and butterflies. North Adams, MA: Storey Pub.

POLLINATOR BIOLOGY AND HABITAT New England Biology Technical Note - NRCS (2009, April). 

Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices for Federal Lands. (2015, May 11).

Shepherd, M., & Ross, E. S. (2003). Pollinator conservation handbook. Portland, OR: Xerces Society in association with Bee Works.

Vaughan, M., & Black, S. H. (2006). Agroforestry: Sustaining native bee habitat for crop pollination. Lincoln, Neb.: USDA National Agroforestry Center.

Vaughan, M., & Black, S. H. (2006). Improving forage for native bee crop pollinators. Lincoln, Neb.: USDA National Agroforestry Center.

Vaughan, M., & Black, S. H. (2007). Enhancing nest sites for native bee crop pollinators. Lincoln, Neb.: USDA National Agroforestry Center.

The Xerces Society » Pollinator Conservation Resources – Northeast Region

Zimdahl, R. L. (2007). Fundamentals of Weed Science. Academic Press.